Species Lists of Birds for South American Countries and Territories

 

South American Classification Committee

 

American Ornithologists' Union

 

 

Version 4 August 2016

 

This page provides a link to the Excel spreadsheet that compares the lists of bird species documented for each South American country and territory. Note that these lists may not be the official national lists because criteria for inclusion on those lists may vary from SACC criteria -- see below:

 

Geographic boundaries

They do not include areas outside the South American Classification Committee's official boundaries. For example, Easter Island is a Chilean territory and Isla San Andrés is a Colombian territory, yet neither area is within the SACC area; thus, species found only there are not included in the lists given for those countries. Offshore boundaries extend 200 nautical miles from coastlines, including islands, within the SACC area.

 

Criteria for inclusion

Criteria for inclusion are the same as for the SACC list as a whole. Only those species documented by tangible, independently verifiable evidence are included on each list. Such evidence may consist of a specimen, a photograph or video, or an audio-recording, as long as the evidence is archived in an institutional collection, and its existence is published. Therefore, unpublished records of any kind do not constitute acceptable evidence; further, evidence that is privately held also does not constitute acceptable evidence; and finally, sight records are not considered acceptable evidence, published or not.  Records documented only on web sites are not considered published because web sites are ephemeral.

 

Status

 

Each species is accorded a status code that conforms to SACC status codes for the main SACC list:

 

X = species known or assumed to breed in the country or territory [and X(e) = endemic; a species is considered endemic to a country until a record from outside its boundaries supported by tangible evidence is published].

 

NB = species that occur regularly but only during their nonbreeding season.

 

V = species that occur only as vagrants and are not part of the area's core avifauna.

 

IN = species introduced by humans (or have colonized from introduced populations elsewhere) and have established, self-sustaining breeding populations.

 

EX = species that are extinct or extirpated from the region are marked [and EX(e) = endemic].

 

Also:

 

H = hypothetical (sight-only records, specimens of dubious origin); not counted in total number of species recorded for the country.  Published reports that have been officially excluded from a country’s list by that country’s formal list committee are not included.

 

Taxonomy

The list uses the most recent SACC classification and is updated whenever the overall classification is changed. This allows comparisons among countries and territories using the same species-level taxonomy.

 

List Coordinators

Each country or territory has one or more individuals responsible for determining each initial list and for updating the list with new distributional information and, with help from SACC, changes in species limits. Dates indicate when the most recent version of the list was compiled.

 

Birds of Argentina by Mark Pearman and Nacho Areta 14 July 2016

 

Birds of Aruba by Steve Mlodinow 29 Oct 2014

 

Birds of Bolivia by Sebastian Herzog 27 May 2010

 

Birds of Bonaire by Eric C. Newton 14 Jul 2015

 

Birds of Brazil by José Fernando Pacheco and Carlos Eduardo Quevedo Agne 15 March 2016

 

Birds of Chile by Alvaro Jaramillo and Rodrigo Barros 5 Mar 2016

 

Birds of Colombia by “El Listero Clandestino” until official version available from Asociación Colombiana de Ornitología checklist committee (F. Gary Stiles, Andrés M. Cuervo, Loreta Rosselli, Clara I. Bohórquez, Felipe Estela, and Diana Arzuza) 25 Oct 2011

 

Bird of Curaçao by Eric C. Newton 14 Jul 2015

 

Birds of Ecuador by Juan F. Freile, R. Ahlman, R. S. Ridgely, A. Solano-Ugalde, D. Brinkhuizen, L. Navarrete, & P. J. Greenfield 5 Sep 2015

 

Birds of the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas by Robin Woods 18 Feb 2015

 

Birds of French Guiana by Alexandre Renaudier 31 Aug 2011

 

Birds of Guyana by Mark B. Robbins 10 Jun 2013

 

Birds of Paraguay by Hugo Del Castillo, Rob Clay, Arne Lesterhuis, Paul Smith 2 Sep 2015

 

Birds of Peru by Manuel A. Plenge, Thomas S. Schulenberg, and Thomas Valqui 31 Mar 2016

 

Birds of Suriname by Otte Ottema, Jan Hein Ribot, and Arie Spaans 8 July 2015

 

Birds of Trinidad and Tobago by Martyn Kenefick 23 June 2015

 

Birds of Uruguay by Santiago Claramunt and Joaquín Aldabe 7 Apr 2016

 

Birds of Venezuela by David Ascanio, Jhonathan Miranda, Jose Gustavo León, Curtis A. Marantz, Tony Crease, John Kvarnbäck, and Gustavo Rodriguez 29 Jun 2015

 

 

 TOTAL

Breeding

 endemics

NB

V

IN

 EX

 Argentina

999

878

16

71

38

8

4

 Aruba

216

57

0

63

89

5

2

 Bolivia

1381

1289

15

71

19

2

0

 Bonaire

210

52

0

92

62

4

0

 Brazil

1799

1607

228

115

69

4

4

 Chile

475

316

11

72

81

4

1

Colombia 

1838

1654

78

126

53

4

1

 Curaçao

218

53

0

76

76

13

0

 Ecuador

1620

1452

34

107

55

4

2

Falkland Islands

227

60

2

21

140

2

4

French Guiana

665

559

1

60

44

2

0

Guyana

783

712

0

68

0

1

2

Paraguay

694

591

1

58

38

2

5

Peru

1780

1609

106

136

33

2

0

Suriname

724

620

1

82

20

1

1

Trinidad & Tobago

468

269

2

129

58

5

7

Uruguay

444

316

0

79

36

7

6

 Venezuela

1382

1244

45

100

31

6

1

 

 

Suggested citation for individual lists:

[Compiler names]. [year of most recent update]. Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: [country]. [Version Day/Month/Year]. http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.htm

 

 

Mark Mulhollam’s site for generating checklists using SACC classification