Species Lists of Birds for South American Countries and Territories

 

South American Classification Committee

 

American Ornithologists' Union

 

auk

 

Version 12 July 2018

 

This page provides a link to the Excel spreadsheet that compares the lists of bird species documented for each South American country and territory. Note that these lists may not be the official national lists because criteria for inclusion on those lists may vary from SACC criteria -- see below:

 

Geographic boundaries

They do not include areas outside the South American Classification Committee's official boundaries. For example, Easter Island is a Chilean territory and Isla San Andrés is a Colombian territory, yet neither area is within the SACC area; thus, species found only there are not included in the lists given for those countries. Offshore boundaries extend 200 nautical miles from coastlines, including islands, within the SACC area.

 

Criteria for inclusion

Criteria for inclusion are the same as for the SACC list as a whole. Only those species documented by tangible, independently verifiable evidence are included on each list. Such evidence may consist of a specimen, a photograph or video, or an audio-recording, as long as the evidence is archived in an institutional collection, and its existence is published. Therefore, unpublished records of any kind do not constitute acceptable evidence; further, evidence that is privately held also does not constitute acceptable evidence; and finally, sight records are not considered acceptable evidence, published or not.  Records documented only on web sites are not considered published because web sites are ephemeral.

 

Status

 

Each species is accorded a status code that conforms to SACC status codes for the main SACC list:

 

X = species known or assumed to breed in the country or territory [and X(e) = endemic; a species is considered endemic to a country until a record from outside its boundaries supported by tangible evidence is published].

 

NB = species that occur regularly but only during their nonbreeding season.

 

V = species that occur only as vagrants and are not part of the area's core avifauna.

 

IN = species introduced by humans (or have colonized from introduced populations elsewhere) and have established, self-sustaining breeding populations.

 

EX = species that are extinct or extirpated from the region are marked [and EX(e) = endemic].

 

Also:

 

H = hypothetical (sight-only records, specimens of dubious origin); not counted in total number of species recorded for the country.  Published reports that have been officially excluded from a country’s list by that country’s formal list committee are not included.

 

Taxonomy

The list uses the most recent SACC classification and is updated whenever the overall classification is changed. This allows comparisons among countries and territories using the same species-level taxonomy.

 

List Coordinators

Each country or territory has one or more individuals responsible for determining each initial list and for updating the list with new distributional information and, with help from SACC, changes in species limits. Dates indicate when the most recent version of the list was compiled.

 

Birds of Argentina by Mark Pearman and Nacho Areta 4 Jan 2017

 

Birds of Aruba by Steve Mlodinow 15 Oct 2016

 

Birds of Bolivia by Sebastian Herzog 27 May 2010

 

Birds of Bonaire by Eric C. Newton 14 Jul 2015

 

Birds of Brazil by José Fernando Pacheco and Carlos Eduardo Quevedo Agne 15 March 2016

 

Birds of Chile by Alvaro Jaramillo and Rodrigo Barros 11 June 2018

 

Birds of Colombia by Asociación Colombiana de Ornitología checklist committee (Jorge E. Avendaño, Clara I. Bohórquez, Loreta Rosselli, Diana Arzuza-Buelvas, Felipe A. Estela, , Andrés M. Cuervo,  F. Gary Stiles, and Luis Miguel Renjifo) 16 Feb 2018

 

Bird of Curaçao by Eric C. Newton 14 Jul 2015

 

Birds of Ecuador by Juan F. Freile, R. Ahlman, R. S. Ridgely, A. Solano-Ugalde, D. Brinkhuizen, L. Navarrete, & P. J. Greenfield 15 Feb 2018

 

Birds of the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas by Robin Woods 18 Feb 2015

 

Birds of French Guiana by Olivier Claessens 1 Apr 2017

 

Birds of Guyana by Mark B. Robbins 10 Jun 2013

 

Birds of Paraguay by Hugo Del Castillo, Rob Clay, Arne Lesterhuis, Paul Smith 2 Sep 2015

 

Birds of Peru by Manuel A. Plenge, Thomas S. Schulenberg, and Thomas Valqui 15 Feb 2018

 

Birds of Suriname by Otte Ottema, Jan Hein Ribot, and Arie Spaans 20 Jan 2018

 

Birds of Trinidad and Tobago by Martyn Kenefick 23 Jun 2015

 

Birds of Uruguay by Santiago Claramunt and Joaquín Aldabe 7 Apr 2016

 

Birds of Venezuela by David Ascanio, Jhonathan Miranda, Jose Gustavo León, Curtis A. Marantz, Tony Crease, John Kvarnbäck, and Gustavo Rodriguez 29 Jun 2015

 

 

 TOTAL

Breeding

 endemics

NB

V

IN

 EX

Argentina

1005

881

16

71

41

8

4

Aruba

219

56

0

66

91

4

2

Bolivia

1383

1291

15

70

20

2

0

Bonaire

210

52

0

92

62

4

0

Brazil

1804

1611

234

115

70

4

4

Chile

498

316

12

68

107

5

2

Colombia 

1847

1643

80

139

61

3

1

Curaçao

218

53

0

76

76

13

0

Ecuador

1632

1456

36

106

64

4

2

Falkland Islands

227

60

2

21

140

2

4

French Guiana

698

560

1

78

58

2

0

Guyana

783

712

0

68

0

1

2

Paraguay

694

590

0

58

39

2

5

Peru

1803

1621

107

136

44

2

0

Suriname

731

618

1

84

27

1

1

Trinidad & Tobago

470

269

2

129

60

5

7

Uruguay

448

317

0

79

39

7

6

Venezuela

1383

1246

45

100

30

6

1

 

 

Suggested citation for individual lists:

[Compiler names]. [year of most recent update]. Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: [country]. [Version Day/Month/Year]. http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.htm

 

 

Mark Mulhollam’s site for generating checklists using SACC classification