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mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} </style> <![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1027"> <o:colormru v:ext="edit" colors="#fdefed,#f3ebe7"/> <o:colormenu v:ext="edit" fillcolor="#f3ebe7"/> </o:shapedefaults></xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--> </head> <body bgcolor="#F3EBE7" lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval: .5in'> <div class=WordSection1> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-outline-level: 1'><a name="OLE_LINK2"></a><a name="OLE_LINK1"><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family: Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></span></a></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-outline-level: 1'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK1'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family: Arial'>Proposal (102) to </span></b></span></span><a href="http://www.museum.lsu.edu/%7ERemsen/SACCBaseline.html"><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK1'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family: Arial;color:blue'>South American Classification Committee</span></b></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'></span><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK1'></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family: Arial'><o:p></o:p></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'>Change English name of <i>Tangara argyrofenges</i></span></b><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Effect on South American CL</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: This proposal would change the English name of a species on our list from a &quot;Meyer de Schauensee&quot; name (&quot;Green-throated Tanager&quot;) to an &quot;Isler&quot; name (&quot;Straw-backed Tanager&quot;).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Background</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family: Arial;color:black'>: Meyer de Schauensee (1966, 1970) used the name &quot;Green-throated Tanager&quot; for&nbsp;<i>Tangara argyrofenges</i>, and this was followed by Parker et al. (1982) and presumably other literature, until Isler &amp; Isler (1987) changed this to &quot;Straw-backed Tanager. &quot; This was followed by Ridgely &amp; Tudor (1989), who noted:<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;color:black'>&quot;This species' most striking field character (and the one which most readily distinguishes it from closely related&nbsp;<i>T. viridicollis</i>) is its shining straw-colored mantle. It does have a green throat, but so do&nbsp;<i>T. heinei</i>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<i>T. phillipsi</i>. We thus have selected a new, distinctive name for it. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>This was followed by Sibley &amp; Monroe (1990) and Clements and Shany (2001), but not Remsen &amp; Traylor (1989), Fjelds &amp; Krabbe (1990), Hennessey et al. (2003), or Dickinson (2003).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Analysis</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>: &quot;Straw-backed&quot; is not a better name, in my opinion. In contrast to the statement above, throat color is just as simple a way to tell <i>T. Viridicollis</i> from&nbsp;<i>T. argyrofenges</i>, and is likely more reliable (green vs. rufous) from a typical ventral view than trying to distinguish the slightly iridescent back colors. Also, the &quot;straw&quot; of&nbsp;<i>T. viridicollis</i>&nbsp;is not restricted to the back but also the conspicuously contrasting sides and flanks. Furthermore, &quot;straw&quot; implies to me a &quot;flat&quot; dull color, not the iridescent yellowish gold of this species. As for&nbsp;<i>T. heinei</i> and <i>T. phillipsi</i>, they are allopatric, and so confusion over throat color is not a field problem. Perhaps the biggest advantage in my view to the proposed changes in English names of this species and&nbsp;<i>T. viridicollis</i>&nbsp;is that it avoids the perpetual confusion (for me) between their English and scientific names.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Recommendation</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family: Arial;color:black'>: I vote NO on this proposal. In this case, I do not think the &quot;improved&quot; name is really an improvement.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Literature Cited</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>:</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>CLEMENTS, J. F., AND N. SHANY. 2001. A field guide to the birds of Peru. Ibis Publ. Co., Temecula, California.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>FJELDS≈, J., AND N. KRABBE. 1990. Birds of the High Andes. Zoological Museum, Univ. Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>HENNESSEY, A. B, S. K. HERZOG, AND F. SAGOT. 2003. Lista anotada de las Aves de Bolivia. AsociaciÛn ArmonÌa/Birdlife International, Santa Cruz, Bolivia.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>ISLER, M., AND P. ISLER. 1987. The tanagers, natural history, distribution, and identification. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>MEYER DE SCHAUENSEE, R. 1966. The species of birds of South America and their distribution. Livingston Publishing Co., Narberth, Pennsylvania.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>MEYER DE SCHAUENSEE, R. 1970. A guide to the birds of South America. Livingston Publishing Co., Wynnewood, Pennsylvania.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>PARKER, T. A. III, S. A. PARKER, &amp; M. A. PLENGE. 1982. An annotated list of Peruvian birds. Buteo Books.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>REMSEN, J. V., JR. &amp; M. A. Traylor, Jr. 1989. An annotated list of the birds of Bolivia. Buteo Books, Vermillion, South Dakota.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>RIDGELY, R. S., AND G. TUDOR. 1989. The birds of South America, vol. 1. Univ. Texas Press, Austin.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>SIBLEY, C. G., AND B. L. MONROE, JR. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'>Van Remsen, February 2004<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>===========================</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'><o:p><span style='text-decoration:none'>&nbsp;</span></o:p></span></u></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Robbins</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;YES. The slight improvement over Green-throated coupled with the fact that it does eliminate the confusion between English and scientific names of&nbsp;<i>Tangara argyrofenges</i>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<i>T</i>.&nbsp;<i>viridicollis</i>&nbsp;is enough to justify the change.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Zimmer</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;YES, although I'm conflicted on this one. &quot;Green-throated Tanager&quot; is not inappropriate, but for symmetry (assuming proposal 101 passes), it would be nice to have a name that is similar to that of <i>viridicollis</i>. If proposal #101 doesn't pass, and <i>viridicollis</i>&nbsp;remains as &quot;Silver Tanager&quot;, then I would be inclined to vote NO and keep&nbsp;<i>argyrofenges</i>&nbsp;as &quot;Green-throated.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Stiles</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;NO - the old name is not wrong, just nondiagnostic.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Nores</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;NO. Por las <span class=SpellE>razones</span> <span class=SpellE>dadas</span> en las <span class=SpellE>respuestas</span> a las <span class=SpellE>propuestas</span> 99 y 100.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Jaramillo</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;NO. <span style="mso-spacerun:yes">&nbsp;</span>Straw-backed is a great improvement over green-throated. I have seen this species several times, and I don't think I recall the green throat at <span class=GramE>all,</span> the back stands out like a sore thumb. I do vote for name stability in general, but while some of these new names have had a relatively short existence, it perhaps adds up to more general use than 30+ years of the old name, in other words more people know the new names than the old names. Given this problem, sometimes keeping a stable old name becomes an effective name change for the user group. Given that for this and proposal 101, I find the new names much improved from the old names, I feel better voting yes on both. Again, I like the symmetry of these names for these similarly patterned and presumably sister species.&quot;</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </div> </body> </html>