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mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1027"> <o:colormru v:ext="edit" colors="#fdefed,#fdf4f9,#ffeec2,#ffede7,#fff8fc"/> <o:colormenu v:ext="edit" fillcolor="none [662]"/> </o:shapedefaults></xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--> </head> <body bgcolor="#EAF1DD" lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval: .5in'> <div class=WordSection1> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-outline-level: 1;tab-stops:4.5pt'><a name="OLE_LINK2"></a><a name="OLE_LINK1"><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family:Arial'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></span></a></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-outline-level: 1;tab-stops:4.5pt'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK1'><span style='mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK2'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:18.0pt; font-family:Arial'>Proposals (223) to </span></b></span></span><a href="http://www.museum.lsu.edu/%7ERemsen/SACCBaseline.htm"><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK1'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family: Arial;color:blue'>South American Classification Committee</span></b></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'></span><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK1'></span><b><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Change name of Bahia Spinetail from<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Synallaxis cinereus</i><span class=apple-converted-space> </span>to<span class=apple-converted-space> </span><i>S. whitneyi<o:p></o:p></i></span></b></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center'><span style='font-size:16.0pt;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>Effect on SACC list</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: This is an issue of nomenclature that if passed would replace our current species epithet with another.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>Background</span></u><span style='font-size: 13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: Pacheco and Gonzaga (1995) described a new species of<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Synallaxis</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>from Bahia, which they named<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>S. whitneyi</i>. Later, Bret and Fernando (Whitney and Pacheco 2001) treated<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>whitneyi</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>as a junior synonym of<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>S. cinerea</i>, and that's what we have in our current classification.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p><span style='text-decoration:none'>&nbsp;</span></o:p></span></u></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>New information</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: Stopiglia &amp; Raposo's (2006) analysis of the type description of<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>S. cinereus</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>indicates that this name actually refers to<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Parulus ruficeps</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>Spix, which actually should remain a synonym of<span class=apple-converted-space> </span><i>S. frontalis</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>... Or at least that's the way I understand it. Rather than further expose my limited understanding of nomenclature and<span class=apple-converted-space> </span></span><b><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:"Lucida Blackletter";mso-bidi-font-family: "Apple Chancery";color:black'>The Code</span></b><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>, I paste in below the Abstract of the paper, encourage you to look at the pdf, and await comments from those who know their nomenclature:<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>&quot;<i>Synallaxis whitneyi</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>Pacheco and Gonzaga, 1995, was described from specimens collected in Bahia, Brazil. Some years later, following analysis of the specimens used by Wied (1831) to describe<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Synallaxis</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>cinereus</i>, Whitney and Pacheco (2001) considered<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>S. whitneyi</i><span class=apple-converted-space> </span>a junior synonym of<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>S. cinereus</i><span class=apple-converted-space> </span>because three of the specimens in Wied's series were identical to those collected in Bahia by Pacheco and Gonzaga (1995). They also designated a lectotype for<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Synallaxis</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>cinereus</i>. Our analysis of the description of<span class=apple-converted-space> </span><i>Synallaxis cinereus</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>reveals that Wied was merely providing a new name for<span class=apple-converted-space> </span><i>Parulus</i><span class=apple-converted-space> </span><i>ruficeps</i><span class=apple-converted-space> </span>Spix, 1824, to avoid problems of homonymy (Wied 1831). The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature is explicit in such cases, stating that if an author proposes a new species-group name as a replacement (nomen novum) for an earlier available one, then the two names are objective synonyms and have the same name-bearing type. Thus, the syntypes of S. cinereus are the specimens previously used by Spix in describing<span class=apple-converted-space> </span><i>Parulus</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>ruficeps </i>and not those used by Wied (1831) in his description (and subsequently referred to as syntypes in the literature). The lectotype of <i>Synallaxis</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>cinereus</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>proposed by Whitney and Pacheco (2001) is invalid, as it is not a former syntype. Therefore, the correct name for the Bahia Spinetail is<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Synallaxis</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>whitneyi</i><span class=apple-converted-space> </span>Pacheco and Gonzaga, 1995.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>Recommendation</span></u><span style='font-size: 13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: I have none, except that I assume that since this paper was reviewed independently by those who know their Code, including Zootaxa editor Storrs Olson.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>References</span></u><span style='font-size: 13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>:<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>PACHECO, J. F., AND L. P. GONZAGA. 1995. A new species of<span class=apple-converted-space> </span><i>Synallaxis</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>of the<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>ruficapilla/infuscata</i><span class=apple-converted-space> </span>complex from eastern Brazil (Passeriformes: Furnariidae). Ararajuba 3: 3-11.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>STOPIGLIA, R., AND M. A. RAPOSO. 2006. The name<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Synallaxis whitneyi</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>Pacheco and Gonzaga, 1995, is not a synonym of<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Synallaxis cinereus </i>Wied, 1831 (Aves: Passeriformes: Furnariidae). Zootaxa 1166: 49-55.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>WHITNEY, B. M. AND J. F. PACHECO. 2001.<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Synallaxis whitneyi</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>Pacheco and Gonzaga, 1995 is a synonym of<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Synallaxis cinereus</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>Wied, 1831. Nattereria 2: 34-35.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Van Remsen, June 2006<br style='mso-special-character:line-break'> <![if !supportLineBreakNewLine]><br style='mso-special-character:line-break'> <![endif]></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>Note</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: Just to make sure the change and its rationale all makes sense, I contacted Alan Peterson (who maintains the Zoonomen web page (</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'>http://www.zoonomen.net/)<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>for an outside opinion, and he responded that he found no problems and that the substance of the article seemed correct and convincing</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>===========================================================================</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p><span style='text-decoration:none'>&nbsp;</span></o:p></span></u></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>Comments from Jaramillo</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;YES - Sometimes nomenclature reads more like law than biology, in other words it is confusing and needs to be deciphered by those who are truly knowledgeable on it. The paper and ok by Alan Peterson satisfy me in voting YES on this one.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>Comments from Stiles</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;YES, the change seems straightforward to me, even if the nomenclatural situation had been highly confused ... &quot;</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </div> </body> </html>