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mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} </style> <![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1026"> <o:colormenu v:ext="edit" fillcolor="none [662]"/> </o:shapedefaults></xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--> </head> <body bgcolor="#EAF1DD" lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval: .5in'> <div class=WordSection1> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Proposal (#295x) to <a href="http://www.museum.lsu.edu/%7ERemsen/SACCBaseline.htm">South American Classification Committee</a><o:p></o:p></span></b></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center; orphans: auto;widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Change English name of<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>T. nudigenis</i></span></b><span style='font-size:14.0pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><b><i><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></b></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>Now that Proposal<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><a href="SACCprop295.htm">295</a><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>passed to change English name of<span class=apple-converted-space> </span><i>Turdus nudigenis</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>to something besides Bare-eyed, we are presented with the following choices:<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>A. &quot;Yellow-eyed&quot;</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Reason in <span class=SpellE>favour</span>: this was the more widely used of the three available new names in the 1990s and early 2000s. Reasons against: (<span class=SpellE>i</span>) the name is misleading - it is the bare skin, not eye, that is yellow and the iris is brown, not yellow; see, e.g. the following photograph: http://www.avesphoto.com/WEBSITE/TT/species/THUBEY-1.htm; (ii) more recent authors have sought to avoid using this name.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>B. &quot;Spectacled&quot;</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Reasons in <span class=SpellE>favour</span>: (<span class=SpellE>i</span>) this is arguably the best descriptively of the two alternative names: (ii) following its adoption in Handbook of the Birds of the World, this name could be regarded as a standard. Reasons against: (<span class=SpellE>i</span>) it is a novel name; (ii) it is not as widely used as &quot;Yellow-eyed&quot;; (iii) the &quot;spectacles&quot; don't join in the middle, thus one would be referring here to some class of spectacles with a transparent or very thin nose bridge.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>C. &quot;American Bare-eyed&quot;</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Gill &amp; Wright (2006) have recently adopted &quot;American Bare-eyed Thrush&quot; as a further possible name for this species. Reasons in <span class=SpellE>favour</span>: (<span class=SpellE>i</span>) it retains the existing and formerly used &quot;Bare-eyed&quot; moniker; (ii) following its adoption by the IOC, this name could be regarded as a standard. Reasons against: (<span class=SpellE>i</span>) the name incorrectly suggests sister species status for<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>T. nudigenis</i><span class=apple-converted-space> </span>and<span class=apple-converted-space> </span><i>T. tephronotus</i>; (ii) it is a long name.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>D. &quot;Naked-eyed&quot;</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>This was the name used by Ridgway (1907), but it has seen little use since, although arguably the best descriptive name (and fairly close to translation of scientific name, &quot;naked cheeked&quot;) given that 'Bare-eyed&quot; is &quot;preoccupied.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>My suggested order would be (1.) Spectacled, (2.) Naked-eyed, (3.) American Bare-eyed, (4.) Yellow-eyed.&nbsp; Naked-eyed is best ignoring history and recent publications; but as IOC (American), Handbook of the Birds of the World (Spectacled) and the Helm Thrush guide (Yellow-eyed) all use different names, the adoption of a fourth standard (Naked-eyed) is destabilising; so I would plump for the best of the recently used names (Spectacled) in the hope that IOC and Helm can change in future editions.&nbsp;&nbsp;The other two alternatives are awful names, so the order is a little academic.&nbsp; However, I prefer phylogenetic inaccuracy over morphological inaccuracy for English names, seeing as the vernacular is most of use in the field rather than the lab.&quot;</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>References</span></u><span style='font-size: 13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: All on SACC page.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Voting procedure</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: Please rank the four choices from 1 to 4 (best to worst), and we'll see where we stand after that initial round.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center; orphans: auto;widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Thomas Donegan (with minor modifications by Remsen), 18 July and 30 Oct. 2007<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>=======================================================================<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Stiles rankings</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;As in my vote on the original version, I would rank &quot;Spectacled&quot; first with rather minimal enthusiasm, &quot;Naked-eyed&quot; second (had it been used more, I'd put it first but it seems too much like an exhumation..). FAR down the list would be &quot;American Bare-eyed&quot; which implies a nonexistent sister-group relationship, and at the absolute bottom would be &quot;Yellow-eyed&quot;, which is simply wrong and outrightly misleading.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>1. Spectacled. 2. Naked-eyed. 3. American Bare-eyed. 4. Yellow-eyed<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Remsen rankings</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;I like &quot;Naked-eyed&quot; best -- unique and reasonably accurate -- and has historical precedence, albeit, as stated by that Twistwing-loving Gary, it's an exhumation. But yet another example of why no one should have tried to improve on Ridgway. &quot;Spectacled&quot; would be second, but less accurate. &quot;Yellow-eyed&quot; third; inaccurate, yes, but better than &quot;American Bare-eyed&quot;, which I simply cannot stand because of the clunkiness and implied relationship, erroneously, to an African species.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>1. Naked-eyed. 2. Spectacled. 3. Yellow-eyed. 4. American Bare-eyed.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Schulenberg rankings</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>:</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>1. Spectacled.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>&quot;As an aside, I don't understand the idea that &quot;American Bare-eyed&quot; would suggest a (spurious) sister-species relationship. There are plenty of other species for which we're stuck with an ungainly &quot;American,&quot; for no reason other than to distinguish it from some Old World species with the same stem name: American Black Duck, American White Pelican, American Pygmy Kingfisher, American Tree Sparrow. I'm not aware that anyone is lulled into thinking that the modifier &quot;American&quot; suggests any kind of sister-species relationship in these cases. (No &quot;horror stories,&quot; anecdotal or otherwise, along such lines were presented as part of this proposal.) Why should it do so in the case of this<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>Turdus</i>?&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Robbins rankings:</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>1. Spectacled<br> 2. Yellow-eyed<br> 3. Naked-eyed<br> 4. Am. Bare-eyed -- just too long<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Jaramillo rankings</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>:</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>1) Spectacled<br> 2) Naked-eyed<br> 3) Yellow-eyed<br> 4) American Bare-eyed<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Stotz rankings</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>:</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>1. Spectacled<br> 2. Naked-eyed<br> 3. Yellow-eyed<br> 4. American Bare-eyed<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Zimmer rankings</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>:</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>1. Naked-eyed<br> 2. Spectacled<br> 3. American Bare-eyed<br> 4. Yellow-eyed<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:13.5pt; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Ranking summary = Spectacled wins and was the favorite in 5 of 7 rankings.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Therefore, this proposal, 295 X becomes a proposal to change the name of<span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span><i>T. nudigenis</i><span class=apple-converted-space>&nbsp;</span>to &quot;Spectacled Thrush.&quot; Just in case those who ranked Spectacled have had a change of opinion, we reopen the issue with a YES or NO vote to adopt Spectacled.</span><span style='font-size: 13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center; orphans: auto;widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Van Remsen, June 2008<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>========================================================================</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'><o:p><span style='text-decoration:none'>&nbsp;</span></o:p></span></u></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>Comments from Stiles</span></u><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;YES (I agree that Naked-eyed is a better name, but in the sacred interests of &quot;stability&quot;& at least &quot;Spectacled&quot; has had some use recently). At least we can dispose of &quot;Yellow-eyed&quot; and &quot;American Bare-eyed&quot;.</span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;orphans: auto;text-align:start; widows: 1;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span style='font-size:13.5pt;color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> </div> </body> </html>