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(63) to </span></b></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark: OLE_LINK1'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'></span></span><a href="http://www.museum.lsu.edu/%7ERemsen/SACCBaseline.html"><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK1'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family: Arial;color:blue'>South American Classification Committee</span></b></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK2'></span><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK1'></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-size:18.0pt;font-family: Arial'><o:p></o:p></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'>Change English names of <i>Myioborus</i>&nbsp;&quot;Redstarts &quot; to &quot;Whitestarts&quot;</span></b><span style='font-size:16.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Effect on South American CL</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: This proposal would change the English names of all species of&nbsp;<i>Myioborus</i>&nbsp;on our list from &quot;Redstart&quot; to &quot;Whitestart.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Background</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family: Arial;color:black'>: The warblers in the genus&nbsp;<i>Myioborus</i>&nbsp;were known as &quot;Redstarts&quot; for all of their history until last decade or so. This presumably derives first from the very superficial resemblance of North American <i>Setophaga ruticilla</i> to the &quot;real&quot; redstarts of Europe in the genus <i>Phoenicurus</i>, which share orange-red coloration in the rectrices and tail movements that accentuate it. Second, the Painted Redstart was given that English name when incorrectly placed in&nbsp;<i>Setophaga</i>, even though it had white where the &quot;real&quot;&nbsp;<i>Setophaga</i>&nbsp;had orange, and the species of <i>Myioborus</i>, by implication considered the sister genus to&nbsp;<i>Setophaga</i>&nbsp;by Ridgway (1902), were also called &quot;redstarts.&quot; Widespread <i>M. miniatus</i>&nbsp;was described in&nbsp;<i>Setophaga</i>, so it was only logical to use &quot;Redstart&quot; for it and relatives. Thus,&nbsp;<i>Myioborus</i>&nbsp;<i>miniatus</i>&nbsp;and Middle American <i>M. torquatus</i> have been called &quot;Redstarts&quot; for over a century. Coues (1872) used &quot;Redstart&quot; for both&nbsp;<i>M. pictus</i>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<i>M. miniatus</i>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>I'm not sure where the &quot;whitestart&quot; idea got started, but Hilty &amp; Brown (1986) used it as a secondary, alternative name for the&nbsp;<i>Myioborus</i> &quot;redstarts.&quot; Ridgely &amp; Tudor (1989) took note of this, but stated:<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:31.5pt'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;color:black'>&quot;while agreeing that that would certainly be more accurate -- there is no red, only white, in the tail -- we feel that the name &quot;redstart&quot; is simply too well entrenched to be changed at this late date.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:31.5pt'><span style='font-size:14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>Sibley &amp; Monroe (1990) continued with &quot;Redstart.&quot; Then, Curson et al.'s (1994) warbler family book used &quot;Whitestart&quot; for&nbsp;<i>Myioborus</i>, including partly North American&nbsp;<i>M. pictus</i>, whose English name &quot;Painted Redstart&quot; has been firmly established for more than a century. Although this was not followed by Howell &amp; Webb (1995), Dunn &amp; Garrett (1997), AOU (1998), Dickinson (2003), and others, Ridgely &amp; Greenfield (2001) and Hilty (2003) adopted &quot;Whitestart.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Analysis</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>: If we were &quot;starting from scratch,&quot; I'd vote for &quot;Whitestart.&quot; It is more accurate, and it nicely emphasizes that <i>Setophaga</i> and <i>Myioborus</i> are not sister genera. But we're not starting from scratch, and hopefully not in the business of striving to find better and better English names. In particular, I would object to changing the long-standing but extralimital English name &quot;Painted Redstart&quot; for&nbsp;<i>M. pictus</i>. Also, see excellent discussion in Rowlett (2003). If we were going for accuracy, then&nbsp;<i>Setophaga ruticilla</i>&nbsp;should be renamed &quot;Orangestart.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Recommendation</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family: Arial;color:black'>: I vote &quot;NO&quot; on this proposal. My feelings are aptly captured by the Ridgely-Tudor quote above.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Literature Cited</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>:</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>COUES, E.. 1872. Key to North American birds. Vol. 1. Page, Boston.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>CURSON, J., D. QUINN, AND D. BEADLE. 1994. Warblers of the Americas. Houghton Mifflin.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>DICKINSON, E. C. (ed.). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the World, Revised and enlarged 3rd Edition. Christopher Helm, London, 1040 pp.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>DUNN, J., AND K. GARRETT. 1997. A field guide to the warblers. of North America. Houghton Mifflin.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>HELLMAYR, C. E. 1935. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., vol. 13., pt. 8.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>HILTY, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>HILTY, S. L., AND W. L. BROWN. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>HOWELL, S. N. G., AND S. WEBB. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford Univ. Press, New York.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>RIDGELY , R. S., AND P. J. GREENFIELD. 2001. The birds of Ecuador. Vol. II. Field guide. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>RIDGELY, R. S., AND G. TUDOR. 1989. The birds of South America, vol. 1. Univ. Texas Press, Austin.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>RIDGWAY, R. 1904. The birds of North and Middle America. Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 3.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>ROWLETT, J. 2003. [Review of]: &quot;The Birds of Ecuador, Volume I: Status, Distribution, and Taxonomy. Volume II: Field guide.&quot; Auk 120: 562-568.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:black'>SIBLEY, C. G., AND B. L. MONROE, JR. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'>Van Remsen, October 2003<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'>=========================================================<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Stotz</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;NO. Not in a million years. The use of whitestart instead of redstart, as far as I am aware, starts with Alden and Gooders 1981, Finding Birds around the World. They admit, that they can't do anything about American Redstart, which clearly offends them, but they can about <i>Myioborus</i>, so they do.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Robbins</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;I vote &quot;YES&quot; for this very appropriate change (I've supported this usage for quite awhile).&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Jaramillo</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;NO -- While I like the more precise nature of Whitestart, it does confuse things and make changes where none is needed. I don't want to be calling it the Painted Whitestart, it just sounds wrong.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Zimmer</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;I vote &quot;NO&quot;. I just can't bring myself to do this (especially for Painted Redstart). We haven't done away with &quot;nighthawks&quot; or &quot;meadowlarks&quot;, so I think we can tolerate the inaccuracy of &quot;redstarts&quot;. These names are just too well-entrenched to mess with.&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Stiles</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;[YES] Whitestarts - definitely a better name, the question is whether it is worth changing. This name has been around since a Nuttall monograph on social behavior of Andean birds by Moynihan (1980?), if not before. Redstart is definitely inappropriate for most&nbsp;<i>Myioborus</i>&nbsp;in a literal sense (not only no red in the tail, but no red anywhere), but finds its justification in the superficial similarity with&nbsp;<i>Setophaga</i>&nbsp;and in the fact that&nbsp;<i>M. pictus</i>, the only one to reach the US, does have a red breast. Redstart is the classic name but a number of important new works do incorporate Whitestart. So, very tentatively, I¥ll go with whitestart (I gather that this one has already been rejected, so put me down with the recalcitrant minority).&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times;mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><u><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:black'>Comments from Nores</span></u><span style='font-size:14.0pt; font-family:Arial;color:black'>: &quot;[YES] Si. Este parece un problema m·s sentimental que ornitolÛgico. Redstart es evidentemente inapropiado para especies que no tienen color rojo y por eso es mejor &quot;Whitestart&quot;. Sin embargo, hay opiniones como la de Stotz que evidentemente est·n m·s relacionado con la costumbre de usar un nombre y con no ofender a las especies.&quot;</span><span style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </div> </body> </html>