Species Lists of Birds for South American Countries and Territories

 

South American Classification Committee

 

American Ornithological Society

 

auk

 

Version 17 September 2021

 

This page provides a link to the Excel spreadsheet that compares the lists of bird species documented for each South American country and territory. Note that these lists may not be the official national lists because criteria for inclusion on those lists may vary from SACC criteria -- see below:

 

Geographic boundaries

They do not include areas outside the South American Classification Committee's official boundaries. For example, Easter Island is a Chilean territory and Isla San Andrés is a Colombian territory, yet neither area is within the SACC area; thus, species found only there are not included in the lists given for those countries. Offshore boundaries extend 200 nautical miles from coastlines, including islands, within the SACC area.

 

Criteria for inclusion

Criteria for inclusion are the same as for the SACC list as a whole. Only those species documented by tangible, independently verifiable evidence are included on each list. Such evidence may consist of a specimen, a photograph or video, or an audio-recording, as long as the evidence is archived in an institutional collection, and its existence is can be verified. On-line records on stable, long-term initiatives (e.g., Macaulay Library records from eBird, iNaturalist, Wikiaves, Xeno-Canto, and similar sources) that provide precise details on date and geographic coordinates and whose validity can be publicly assessed will be considered archived.  Therefore, evidence that is privately held also does not constitute acceptable evidence.  Records documented only on web sites are not considered published because web sites are ephemeral.  Finally, sight records are not considered acceptable evidence, published or not.

 

 

Status

 

Each species is accorded a status code that conforms to SACC status codes for the main SACC list:

 

X = species known or assumed to breed in the country or territory [and X(e) = endemic; a species is considered endemic to a country until a record from outside its boundaries supported by tangible evidence is published].

 

NB = species that occur regularly and are detected every year, but do not breed.

 

V = species that occur only as vagrants, i.e. not present continuously during the season every year, and are not part of the area's core avifauna.

 

IN = species introduced by humans (or have colonized from introduced populations elsewhere) and have established, self-sustaining breeding populations.

 

EX = species that are extinct or extirpated from the region are marked [and EX(e) = endemic].

 

Also:

 

H = hypothetical (sight-only records, specimens of dubious origin); not counted in total number of species recorded for the country.  Published reports that have been officially excluded from a country’s list by that country’s formal list committee are not included.

 

Taxonomy

The list uses the most recent SACC classification and is updated whenever the overall classification is changed. This allows comparisons among countries and territories using the same species-level taxonomy.

 

List Coordinators

Each country or territory has one or more individuals responsible for determining each initial list and for updating the list with new distributional information and, with help from SACC, changes in species limits. Dates indicate when the most recent version of the list was compiled.

 

Birds of Argentina by Mark Pearman and Juan I. Areta 28 Nov 2020

 

Birds of Aruba by Steve Mlodinow 6 Mar 2020

 

Birds of Bolivia by Sebastian Herzog 2 June 2020

 

Birds of Bonaire by Eric C. Newton 14 Jul 2015

 

Birds of Brazil by José Fernando Pacheco and Carlos Eduardo Quevedo Agne 25 August 2021

 

Birds of Chile by Alvaro Jaramillo and Rodrigo Barros 31 Dec 2020

 

Birds of Colombia by Asociación Colombiana de Ornitología checklist committee (Jorge E. Avendaño, Clara I. Bohórquez, Loreta Rosselli, Diana Arzuza-Buelvas, Felipe A. Estela, , Andrés M. Cuervo, F. Gary Stiles, and Luis Miguel Renjifo) 16 Feb 2018

 

Bird of Curaçao by Eric C. Newton 14 Jul 2015

 

Birds of Ecuador by Juan F. Freile, S. Olmstead, N. Athanas, D. M. Brinkhuizen, L. Navarrete, J. Nilsson, M. Sánchez-Nivicela, A. Solano-Ugalde, & P. J. Greenfield 25 Aug 2021

 

Birds of the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas by Robin WoodsAdd with solid fill and Santiago Imberti 23 June 2021

 

Birds of French Guiana by Olivier Claessens 1 Apr 2017

 

Birds of Guyana by Mark B. Robbins 10 Jun 2013

 

Birds of Paraguay by Hugo Del Castillo, Rob Clay, Arne Lesterhuis, Paul Smith 2 Sep 2015

 

Birds of Peru by Manuel A. Plenge, Thomas S. Schulenberg, and Thomas Valqui 3 Aug 2020

 

Birds of Suriname by Otte Ottema, Jan Hein Ribot, and Arie Spaans 26 Apr 2021

 

Birds of Trinidad and Tobago by Martyn Kenefick 22 Sep 2020

 

Birds of Uruguay by Santiago Claramunt and Joaquín Aldabe 24 Aug 2021

 

Birds of Venezuela by David Ascanio, Curtis A. Marantz, Jhonathan Miranda, John Kvarnbäck, Gustavo Rodríguez, Jose Gustavo León, and Alejandro Nagy 18 Aug 2021

 

 

 

TOTAL

Breeding

Endemics

NB

V

IN

EX

Argentina

1029

885

18

72

57

9

6

Aruba

245

60

0

66

111

6

2

Bolivia

1401

1305

14

80

14

2

0

Bonaire

208

51

0

91

62

4

0

Brazil

1855

1635

238

118

93

5

4

Chile

509

321

12

67

113

6

2

Colombia

1854

1648

82

140

62

3

1

Curaçao

217

53

0

76

75

13

0

Ecuador

1654

1467

40

105

77

4

1

Falkland Islands

218

60

2

31

123

2

2

French Guiana

698

560

1

78

58

2

0

Guyana

784

712

0

69

0

1

2

Paraguay

694

590

0

58

39

2

5

Peru

1832

1634

110

135

60

3

0

Suriname

735

619

1

84

30

1

1

Trinidad & Tobago

488

265

2

75

131

6

11

Uruguay

490

326

0

84

64

7

4

Venezuela

1401

1254

46

105

33

6

1

 

 

 

Suggested citation for individual lists:

[Compiler names]. [year of most recent update]. Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: [country]. [Version Day/Month/Year]. http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.htm

 

 

Mark Mulhollam’s site for generating checklists using SACC classification